INTRODUCTION: The introduction should include: the ethical issue, a succinct account of the two theories, how the theories apply to the issue, and a thesis. An introduction should, in general terms, inform your reader both about the ethical issue and the two main stances on it (the greater good which uses people as a means to an end versus being principled, not use people merely as a means to an end). For instance: the ethical issue is human experimentation, as there have been many cases where people have been used without their knowledge and consent for research or to cure diseases. Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that states we should only look at the results of actions and whether or not a greater good has been achieved (cite). Deontology states that we should never use people as a means to an end, as this violates their autonomy and dignity as persons (cite). Utilitarian’s would be for experimenting on people if it achieves a greater good, whereas deontologists would say this is never morally acceptable. I will argue. THESIS: Your thesis should take a clear stand on the issue, giving your position and the reasons for it. For instance: "I will argue that experimenting on people without their knowledge is highly immoral due to it being a gross violation of Kant's principle that we should not use people." Put the thesis at the end of your introduction. BACKGROUND. DEFINE UTILITARIANISM IN GENERAL WAY; HIGHLIGHT THAT THIS THEORY ADVOCATES USING PEOPLE AS A MEANS TO AN END:. APPLY UTILITARIANISM TO YOUR ISSUE, STATING BOTH POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE ASPECTS: DEFINE KANT'S ETHICS IN A GENERAL WAY FIRST; THEN STATE AND EXPLAIN THE PRINCIPLE OF HUMANITY: DENOTOLOGY TO YOUR ISSUE, STATING BOTH POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE ASPECTS: TEVALUATETHE ISSUES IN TERMS OF AN INDIVIDUAL LIVING IN A CULTURALLY DIVERSE SOCIETY: First, explain how your stance on the issue affects personal responsibility. How does your response in the previous section address an individual's ethical bearing in the world, and how does your response address the larger issues of a culturally diverse society?
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